Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA)

A ‘Climate-Smart Agriculture’ is agriculture that increases productivity in a sustainable manner, strengthens resilience (adaptation) and, where feasible, reduces/removes greenhouse gases (mitigation). Yet at the same time it seeks to enhance the achievement of national food security and development goals.

The greatest challenge the vast majority of human population is called to face nowadays is the eradication of hunger and extreme poverty. At the same time, countries have to confront the impact of climate change, which poses among the most serious, immediate and long term threats to the efforts of achieving sustainable development with striking negative effects security, and, where possible, mitigation?

  • What are the barriers to adoption of CSA and which policies are needed to overcome them?
  • Which participatory processes are needed to build on existing development strategies?
  • What are the enabling mechanisms, both institutional, and financial, and the tools required?

The evidence base to be built by the project will then be an important input into another project activity that will be the development of Climate-Smart investment proposals that could contribute to the broader CAADP process.

Following an initial stakeholder consultation in collaboration with the Zambian Government, the project identified the three areas that could be analyzed and further developed to provide policy insights and develop investment proposals that would enhance food security. These three potential research areas are:

1) Conservation agriculture and soil & water conservation

2) Diversification of production (dairy, legumes)

3) The role of agriculture as a driver of deforestation (Zambia is a UN-REDD country)